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21 Mar 2016
Green coffee
You love coffee right? Obviously you do or you may not be on this page. Order some green espresso beans and we will help walk you through the home roasting process.

home roasting coffee

You'll find really only three steps in order to roasting your own coffee.

 Choose a roaster (or a method of roasting)
 Choose your green coffees
 Understand the roasting process

 
Choosing the initial coffee roaster

There are lots of options for your first roasting experience. Fortunately the best ways to get started are considered the cheapest.

The best way to get going (and the way I first started) is to apply a Hot Air Popcorn Popper. Yes, surprisingly this is the cheapest and fastest way to get started and learn about roasting. You might use a skillet, wok, stovetop popper or numerous other homemade methods. For our purposes I will discuss while using Hot Air Popcorn method.

Air poppers

You can aquire an air roasting core kit from us here, you can also go to Walmart and get an air popper. Our kit includes some green espresso beans to get you started, you can also just order the pin coffee from us here.

There are a few things you should be aware of before we discuss air poppers further.

 Hot air popcorn poppers are certainly not made for or supposed to have been used for roasting coffee
 When by using these poppers the life expectancy in the machine is short (normally 6 months in my experience) they only are not intended to run for as long as they do when roasting coffee
 Any warranty that comes with the popper will be voided by it for roasting coffee

With all of that out of the way, the poppers usually only cost about $12 to $30 at Walmart and work just the thing for a new home roaster. For guide to roasting with a Hot Air Popcorn Popper take a look here.

 
Choose your green espresso beans

To help you get started you will find there's 4 pound sampler pack that includes a variety of our current offerings here. You can even view all of our current green coffee only at that link.

 
The process of roasting coffee

As your coffee begins to heat it's going to go through several stages that you will want to be able to identify as a way to know how long to roast. There are many things to watch, smell and listen as you roast but these are the basic stages.

 Yellowing - Initially while the beans are heating they're going to start to turn a somewhat lighter yellow color, and the smell will be stronger but exactly like the unheated green beans. Most roasters liken the smell to a grassy smell.
 Steam - Because beans heat further the water within them is dissipating where there will be small amounts of steam noticeable.
 First Crack - The all important "first crack". This is as it says an audible sound from the beans cracking. Now the smell starts to change and the sugars from the beans begin to caramelize. Since the beans crack, oil within the beans begins to escape.
 Roasted - After the first crack the beans are roasted. A roast stopped right after first crack is called a "City Roast". From this point forward you might be roasting to a few taste and preference.
 Caramelization - After first crack the beans will continue to have oils escape and the beans themselves expand in proportions as the roast gets darker. This slightly darker point following the "City Roast" is called a "Full City Roast".
 Second Crack - Now the beans start to start making a new cracking sound. This can be known of course since the "Second Crack". The second crack is frequently much more frequent and intense. Some liken this sound for the noise of Rice Krispies cereal. A roast stopped immediatley following your second crack is actually a "Vienna Roast". A little further in to the second crack stage works as a "Full City Plus" roast. It is important to know that after the second crack the beans commence to lose the unique flavor they possess. Commercial coffee is frequently roasted to this point or beyond to get a consistent taste.
 Dark Roast - Because beans darken as soon as the second crack the smoke becomes intense from the beans as the sugars lose completely and the beans expand and break down. At the end of the second crack roasts are known as a "French Roast".
 Point Of No Return! - Take care not to go beyond this point because the smoke intensifies further the same is true the risk of fire from your beans. At this point the beans won't be worth using.

 
Cooling and Storing Your Coffee

When removing your coffee from the roaster you will pour it in to a colander or strainer to allow it to cool. Leaving beans from the roaster will keep them warm as well as the roasting process continue until they cool. After your beans are cool permit them to sit for 12-24 hours in a loosely sealed container since the beans will continue to radiate CO2. Coffee is most beneficial used with in Seven days of roasting (one more reason to roast your individual coffee or buy freshly roasted coffee). After 1 week the quality begins to degrade. However, it is usually best to wait 24 to 2 days to use your beans as they definitely attain peak flavor after degassing.


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